DDoSPedia

An Online Encyclopedia Of Cyberattack and Cybersecurity Terms

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Open DNS Resolver

Some DNS servers perform their hierarchical lookups by means of recursion, and rather than limit the ability to make recursive requests to local or authorized clients, DNS servers referred to as Open Resolvers allow recursive DNS requests from any client. Open Resolvers (especially with the newer RFC specifications supporting extensions to the DNS system such as IPv6 and DNSSEC) require the ability to send DNS replies much larger than their respective requests, and an attacker can abuse this fact to amplify his or her available outgoing bandwidth and subsequently direct it at a target in a DNS Amplification Attack.

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